RELOAD FOR UPDATES [Lo-tech live blogging!]
THE DAY AFTER: t work, digesting the Planck data. The commentary below ran a bit technical; once I have my own thoughts together I will write them down...
12:49 AM NZST oo distracted to update the live blog after downloading the key papers. They are a thing of beauty and a joy to behold. Huge kudos to the Planck team. Quick reactions, and then time to turn in (nothing like a global twitterfest to confirm that the world is round, I guess.)
- Firstly, the Hubble constant result from Planck really is quite low when compared to direct measurements. The parameters paper digs into the error budget here, and you can expect to see a good deal of effort going into improving the lowest rungs in the cosmic "distance ladder" in the next little while.
- Neutrino physics results are in broad agreement with expectations from particle physics -- three kinds of neutrinos, with a small overall mass.
- The analysis of inflation is lovely (although I am bound to say this, as parts of it are influenced by a paper I wrote with Hiranya Peiris, a member of the Planck collaboration) -- simple single-field, slow-roll models are still alive and kicking.
- Speaking of which, non-Gaussianity is not detected, and constraints are significantly tightened.
- People who like a simple universe will be happy.
- If you were hoping that Planck would expand the fundamental set of parameters n the concordance model, looks like you were out of luck.
- One elephant in the room is that there is no use of polarization data -- this is being worked on, but it will make a big difference when it becomes available.
- Finally, the emphasis on "anomalies" in the media conference and press release seems like headline-bait to me. By and large these were already known from the WMAP data, and are at large angular scales -- where Planck and WMAP should overlap with one another. Any dataset has anomalies and by stressing these, the ESA media-monkeys detract from the huge advance this dataset represents. Planck has provided us with a picture of the early universe with unprecedented clarity and precision, and every cosmologist in the world will have to do their job differently on the strength of it. Working out what it tells us may take years, but it is going to be fun.
10:56 PM NZST tarting to think there is no big discovery to be announced. But beautiful measurement of the early universe.
10:51 PM NZST old us that there are 3.2 ± .2 species of neutrinos -- confirms predictions of particle physics. Nothing about their mass so far.
10:48 PM NZST akeaway so far, inflation seems to be in good shape as a theory of the early universe. Anomalies discussed were mostly seen in WMAP data, but now confirmed at higher precsion by Planck.
10:45 PM NZST Stunning accuracy in results for "standard' cosmological parameters. Hubble's constant lower than expected, universe a little older. ots of time being spent on "anomalies"; wonder what will be said next.
10:27 PM NZST Foreground subtraction. #planck has 9 frequency bands -- foregrounds have differnt freq. dependence from CMB, subtracted away.
10:12 PM NZST George Efstathiou about to take the stage.
10:16 PM NZST Giving a quick overview of CMB physics... Electrons and protons join to form atoms 380000 years after the big bang -- CMB decouples from the matter, and largely unchanged since then. ives us a baby photo of the universe.
10:07 PM NZST Super choppy video. Promise of an "almost perfect" universe. Planck detectors cooled by liquid helium until they are a fraction of a degree above absolute zero -- much colder than the CMB [microwave background] itself.
9:41 PM NZST New Zealand is currently 12 hours ahead of Paris. Press conference starts in 15 mins, but the actual papers go live at 12pm apparently. Worry the ESA server will look this ery shortly afterwards, but suspect they can handle it.
:40 PM NZST ooking at astrophysicists on facebook, the East Coast of the US appears to be waking up (or never went to sleep).
3:50 PM NZST Planning to live blog the lanck live blog data release tonight. In the meantime, read Renee Hlozek and Shaun Hotchkiss's blogposts which give good discussions of what is at stake, or watch Ed Copeland giving a quick survey of cosmology. For my part, I am enormously curious to understand how Planck tightens constraints on the inflationary phase in the early universe, whether it confirms the existence of possible "glitches" in the early universe (and it will almost certainly provide new candidates, even if it rules out the old ones), the results for non-Guassianity, and the implications of Planck for neutrino physics. All this and more will be explained in a few hours. The webcast starts at 10am in Paris -- 10pm in New Zealand, with the technical papers scheduled to become available at noon.
And the European Space Agency says that #askplanck is the official hashtag for questions.